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Table 4 Articulation between modes of production and transport service trajectories

From: Evaluating the performance of freight transport: a service approach

Mode of circulation Production Typical freight service operations Logistics Service trajectories in freight transport
Industrial (eg: basic chemicals) Intermediary goods M (large-scale, standardized flows, full loads FTL)) Industrial logistics, based on the criterion of cost (M)
No differentiation Externalized transport Tendency towards
Economies of scale All transport modes, including “heavy” modes (M) + (I)
Specialized production plants
Flexible (eg : clothing, food) Consumer goods I; sometimes C Sophisticated logistics (high-speed transport + EDI) (M) + (I)
Mass production, but differentiated Association of frequent, rapid and small-scale or consolidated (LTL) flows of goods and flows of information JIT production and/or distribution Tendency towards
Main criteria: reliability (time, quality) and flexibility (frequent changes in logistic organization) (M) + (I) + (C)
Mainly road haulage Tendency towards a disintegration of logistic operations among service providers
Third-party logistics (M) / (I) + (C)
A few cases (M) + (R)
Professional (eg : machinery, engineering) Production of units or very small scale of production M Basic logistics, on a small scale (M)
Customized production Small-scale flows of goods No contracting out of logistic services In some cases (M) + (R)
Specific knowledge, close user-producer interactions Internalized transport operations
Road haulage