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Table 1 Structural features of the programmes in different European countries

From: EU DRUID project: results of a questionnaire survey amongst participants of driver rehabilitation programmes in Europe

  Legally regulated participation Instance imposing/proposing participation Criteria for programme assignment Mode of participation Consequences of participation
Austria yes Licensing authority BAC > 1.2‰ mandatory License reinstatement
Belgium yes Public prosecutor, court No license withdrawal (BAC < 1.6‰) & offender < 26 years voluntary Reduction of suspension period & other sanctions, avoidance of further prosecution
France yes Public prosecutor, court BAC > 0.8‰ voluntary & mandatory Reduction of suspension period, avoidance of further prosecution or other sanctions
Germany Type I “Special advanced driver improvement courses” yes Licensing authority Novice drivers with DUI offense mandatory Ongoing validity of the license or license reinstatement
Type II “Courses for the restoration of the fitness to drive” yes Licensing authority Prior driver assessment voluntary License reinstatement
Type III Courses to apply for reduction of the suspension period or to prepare for the medical psychological assessment no voluntary Reduction of suspension period possible, increased chances to pass subsequent assessment
Great Britain yes Court Suspension period ≥ 12 months & offender ≥ 17 years voluntary Reduction of suspension period
Hungary yes Court Prior driver assessment mandatory License reinstatement
Italy no Assessment centre Prior driver assessment mandatory License reinstatement
Netherlands yes Licensing authority BAC > 1.3%, BAC > 0.8‰ for novices drivers & recidivists mandatory Ongoing validity of the licence
Poland no Prison BAC > 0.5‰ voluntary Reduction of the prison term possible