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Table 1 Sample characteristics

From: Bus accident severity and passenger injury: evidence from Denmark

Variables Categories Percent Categories Percent
Accident severitya Damage only 66.1 % Severe injury 15.9 %
Light injury 14.4 % Fatal injury 3.5 %
Bus driver’s agea 24 years old or less 1.7 % 45–54 years old 31.4 %
25–34 years old 10.3 % 55–64 years old 26.6 %
35–44 years old 26.3 % 65 years old or more 3.8 %
Bus driver’s gendera Male 86.7 % Female 13.3 %
Bus driver’s intoxicationa No 99.3 % Yes 0.7 %
Bus driver’s maneuvera Straight 67.0 % Left turn 13.8 %
Right turn 8.5 % Standing 10.7 %
Bus driver’s maneuver at intersectionc Red light crossing 8.4 %   
Yellow light crossing 2.3 % Stop or right of way 24.4 %
Green light crossing 30.9 % No traffic control 33.9 %
Bus typea Regular 70.2 % Other 29.8 %
Accident typea Single-vehicle 17.4 % Multi-vehicle 82.6 %
Other party involvedb Pedestrian 10.7 % Car 51.6 %
Cyclist 11.6 % Van 6.9 %
Moped 4.3 % Heavy vehicles 4.8 %
Motorcycle 1.5 % Object 8.7 %
Other party’s age (years)b 24 or less 23.6 % 45–54 13.7 %
25–34 20.2 % 55–64 11.3 %
35–44 20.4 % 65 or more 10.8 %
Other party’s genderb Male 64.4 % Female 35.6 %
Other party’s intoxicationb No 93.7 % Yes 6.3 %
Other party’s seatbelt useb No 31.8 % Yes 68.2 %
Other driver’s maneuverd Straight 70.5 % Left turn 16.9 %
Right turn 7.5 % Standing 5.1 %
Other driver’s maneuver at intersectionc Red light crossing 13.9 %   
Yellow light crossing 2.3 % Stop or right of way 24.4 %
Green light crossing 25.5 % No traffic control 33.9 %
Accident locationa Section 49.6 % Intersection 50.4 %
Speed limita 50 km/h or less 64.2 % 70 km/h 5.9 %
60 km/h 10.0 % 80 km/h or more 19.9 %
Number of lanesa One 8.3 %   
Two 65.8 % Three or more 25.8 %
Light conditionsa Daylight 76.5 %   
Darkness 17.6 % Artificial light 5.9 %
Visibilitya Yes 95.1 % No 4.9 %
Surface conditionsa Dry 67.7 % Slippery 32.3 %
Weather conditionsa Good 82.2 % Adverse 17.8 %
Yeara 2002 12.3 % 2007 11.3 %
2003 12.0 % 2008 8.8 %
2004 11.1 % 2009 8.2 %
2005 10.2 % 2010 9.1 %
2006 9.9 % 2011 7.1 %
Seasona Spring 23.9 % Autumn 25.8 %
Summer 25.6 % Winter 24.7 %
Daya Weekday 83.2 % Weekend 16.8 %
Time of daya 06:00–09:00 15.7 %   
09:00–15:00 39.0 % 18:00–21:00 10.2 %
15:00–18:00 25.3 % 21:00–06:00 9.8 %
Land usea Residential (sparse) 15.9 %   
Residential (dense) 27.5 % Industrial 11.9 %
Commercial 7.8 % Open areas 36.9 %
Areaa Copenhagen 40.7 % MidJutland 18.1 %
Sealand 17.6 % South Jutland 8.6 %
North Jutland 6.8 % Fyn 8.2 %
  1. aPercent of accidents
  2. bPercent of collision partners
  3. cPercent of accidents at intersections
  4. dPercent of drivers among collision partners