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Table 2 Figenbaum et al. [10, 13]’s evaluation of EV Norwegian incentives

From: Increasing the competitiveness of e-vehicles in Europe

Incentives Introduced Importance for uptake
Fiscal incentives - reduce purchase price/yearly cost gives competitive price
 Exemption from registration tax 1990/1996 +
 VAT exemption 2001 ++
 Reduced annual vehicle license fee 1996/2004 +
 Reduced taxable benefit on company cars 2000 0
Direct subsidies to users – reducing usage costs and range challenges
 Free toll roads 1997 ++
 Reduced rates on ferries 2009 0
 Financial support for charging stations 2009 +
 Fast charge stations 2011 +
Reduction of time costs and giving relative advantages
 Access to bus lanes 2003/2005 ++
 Free parking 1999 +
  1. ++ Crucial factor in explaining the EV market development
  2. + Less important factor or only important in some market niches
  3. 0 Factor which up to 2013 was not considered important