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Table 7 Unit external costs of air pollution and climate change for the SPECTRUM service (Euro cent is abbreviated as €ct)

From: Adapted cost-benefit analysis methodology for innovative railway services

External cost Service area 1 Service area 2 Service area 3
Air pollution 0.045 €ct/tkm 0.011 €ct/tkm 0.252 €ct/tkm
Climate change 0.021 €ct/tkm 0.019 €ct/tkm 0.485 €ct/tkm
  1. Source: Authors’ elaborations