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Table 5 Comparison of the performance (average ratings: 1 = the best; 5 = the worst)

From: First aid as an important traffic safety factor – evaluation of the experience–based training

Type of training Reaction (active – passive) Reaction (fast – slow) Accuracy of performance Safety risk awareness
Improved
 Mean 1.53 1.73 1.2 1.36
 Std. Deviation 0.74 0.8 0.4 0.63
 Median 1 2 1 1
Standard
 Mean 2.73 2.53 3.47 4.6
 Std. Deviation 1.62 1.55 1.1 0.51
 Median 2 2 3 5
Difference (n1 = n2 = 15)
 Mann-Whitney U 65.5* 82,5 4.5*** 0***
 r 0.38 0.24 0.85 0.87
  1. *p < .05; ***p < .001