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Table 8 Natural disasters leading to severe damages to railways with “close-or-reconstruct” discussions since 1990s (as of Summer 2016)

From: Japan’s transport planning at national level, natural disasters, and their interplays

Year Railway company Line Type of natural disaster Long-term suspension Consequence as of summer 2016
1995 JR West Oito Line Flood 1995–1997 Reopened in 1997
2005 Takachiho Railway Takachiho Line Typhoon (flood, bridges lost) Until official closure No reconstruction, officially closed in 2008
2006, 2013 JR West Sanko Line Flood 2006–2007 (1 year), 2013–2014 (1 year) Reopened in 2007 and 2014 respectively, but planned closure in 2018
2009 JR Central Meisho Line Typhoon (landslide) 2009–2016 Reopened in 2016
2010 JR East Iwaizumi Line Landslide Until official closure No reconstruction, officially closed in 2014
2011 JR East Tadami Line Heavy rain (flood, bridges lost) Suspended until today Decision not yet made at the time of this research
2012 JR Hokkaido Rumoi Main Line Avalanches Repeated precautionary closures in every winter since then Once recovered, but closure planned in late 2016
2013 Shigaraki Railway Shigaraki line Typhoon (flood and landslide, one bridge lost) 2013–2014 Reopened in 2014
2015 JR Hokkaido Hidaka Main Line Surge, Typhoon Until today Decision not yet made at the time of this research