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Table 4 Policy measures in local and city level freight plans

From: Plan for sustainable urban logistics – comparing between Scandinavian and UK practices

   Malmö Stockholm Aalborg, Århus, Odense, Copenhagen, Kolding Bergen Bedford West Berkshire Aberdeen Dundee
Infrastructure management New and upgraded terminals (ports and road) X   X      
New and upgraded infrastructure for urban freight     X    X  
Road safety      X X X  
Potential for other freight modes – rail, pipeline, waterborne and airborne freight         
Parking /loading areas management Upgrade and improve parking areas and loading zones   X   X X X X  
Vehicle rest facilities      X    
Vehicle-related strategies Cycle logistics X        
Low and zero-emission vehicles X X X      X
Traffic management Reliable delivery times (off-peak), minimising delays and truck routes   X   X     
Time and access restrictions, low-emission zone    X X X    
Traffic control, efficiency of freight movements, reliable deliveries and minimising delays    X   X   X X
Local truck routes, road network      X X X  
Pricing, incentives, and taxation Freight incentives    X    X X  
Logistical management Technology, ITS, satellite navigation system    X   X X   X
Cargo consolidation   X   X X X   X
Freight demand and land use management Integrating freight into land use planning process, review existing regulations    X      
Stakeholder engagement Create a freight quality partnership - cooperation with stakeholders and municipalities X X X   X X   
Educate elected officials X        
Resolve conflicts with vulnerable road users      X   X