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Table 2 Summary of the studies reviewed based on method

From: Self-reporting traffic crashes – a systematic literature review

Num. Publication Recall period Selection of respondents Number of respondents Response rate (%) Type of road user / crashes Age-group Link to other database?
Paper Questionnaire
1 Aduen et al. [115] 1–3 years Random sample 3259 90 Car Adultsa Yes, other
2 af Wåhlberg [144] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 9969 n/a Car Adultsa No
3 Álvarez et al. [116] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 53 100 All types Adultsa Yes, other
4 Bagdadi and Várhelyi [76] 1–3 years Volunteers 166 100 Car Adultsa Yes, other
5 Bajaj et al. [20] 1–3 years Other 120 72 Car Adultsa Yes, other
6 Berecki-Gisolf et al. [21] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 57,154 27 More than one but not all (car & motorcycle) Adultsa No
7 Buckley and Sheehan [82] 1–3 months Volunteers - Specific criteriab 934 n/a Motorcycle Children and youngsters No
8 Chang and Yeh [25] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1451 24 Motorcycle Adultsa No
9 Cheng and Ng [133] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 920 74–90% Motorcycle Adultsa No
10 Dingli et al. [88] 1–3 months Random sample - specific criteriab 427 n/a All types Children and youngsters No
11 Gras et al. [106] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1452 n/a More than one but not all (car & motorcycle) Other (19–30 years) No
12 Henriksson et al. [127] 1–3 years Random sample 1362 65 Car Elderly No
13 Horswill et al. [26] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 271 11 Car Elderly No
14 Ibrahim et al. [27] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 1324 88 Pedestrian Other (18–24 years) No
15 Isler and Newland [96] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 160 n/a Car Adultsa No
16 Jiménez-Mejías et al. [28] 3 months-1 year Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1114 n/a Car Other (University students –young) No
17 Koekemoer et al. [29] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 536 n/a Pedestrian Children and youngsters No
18 King and Parker [71] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 171 86 Car Adultsa No
19 Korpinen and Pääkkönen [72] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 6121 41 All types Adultsa No
20 Laapotti et al. [30] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 8434 48 Car Adultsa No
21 Lafont et al. [31] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1051 approx. 50 Car Elderly No
22 Lucidi et al. [109] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1008 n/a Car Other (18–23 years) No
23 Mamo et al. [124] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 213 98 Only taxi Adultsa No
24 Ma et al. [32] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 248 71 Other
(taxi & bus)
Adultsa No
25 Nordfjærn et al. [73] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 247 23 Car Adultsa No
26 Ross et al. [131] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 106 n/a Car Adultsa No
27 Pizza et al. [79] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 339 n/a Car Children and youngsters No
28 Salminen et al. [113] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 306 37–42 Bus Adultsa Yes, to insurance records
29 Schanke et al. [33] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 93 74 Car Other (18–25 years) Yes, other
30 Scott-Parker et al. [34] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1076 n/a Car Other (18–20 years) No
31 Sirin et al. [35] Other (during pregnancy) Random sample - specific criteriab 37,081 70 Car Adultsa No
32 Stephan et al. [36] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 87,134 44 All types Adultsa No
33 Tetali et al. [37] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 5789 99 All types Children and youngsters No
34 Tran et al. [145] 1–3 years Volunteers 42,785 n/a More than one but not all (car & pedestrian) Adultsa No
35 Tronsmoen [84] Not specified Random sample - specific criteriab 1419 37 Car Other (18–20 years) No
36 Twisk et al. [75] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 2310 n/a More than one but not all (pedestrian & cyclist) Children and youngsters No
37 Warner et al. [122] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 200 n/a Car Adultsa No
38 Warner et al. [122] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 200 n/a Car Adultsa No
39 Wood et al. [38] 3–5 years Random sample 267 75 Car Elderly No
40 Zhao et al. [39] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1533 68–72 Car Other (16–18 years) No
Online Questionnaire
41 af Wåhlberg et al. [40] Up to 3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 9824 n/a More than one but not all (car, bus, police driver, fleet, truck) Adultsa Yes, other
42 af Wåhlberg [41] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 2665 n/a Car Other
(< 25 years)
No
43 Bongers et al. [125] 1–3 years Other - specific criteriab 1528 30 All types Adultsa No
44 Boufous et al. [15] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 2991 60 Car Other (17–24 years) Yes, to police records
45 Brandau et al. [42] Not specified Volunteers - Specific criteriab 213 42 Motorcycle Children and youngsters No
46 Darby et al. [43] 1–3 years Other 16,004 57 More than one but not all (car and van) Adultsa Yes, to company records
47 Davey et al. [80] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 4195 n/a Car Adultsa No
48 De Gruyter et al. [94] 1–3 years Other - specific criteriab 741 n/a Motorcycle Other (average age of 21.8 years) No
49 Gliklich et al. [95] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1211 n/a Car Adultsa No
50 Goldenbeld et al. [22] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2553 69 Bicycle Other (> 12 years) No
51 Hollingworth et al. [107] 3–5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 4961 n/a Bicycle Other (16–88 years) No
52 Lahrmann et al. [23] 1–3 months Volunteers 3845 86 Bicycle Other (average age of 31 years) No
53 Lahrmann et al. [23] 1–3 months Volunteers 6793 80 Bicycle Other (average age of 46 years) No
54 Lahrmann et al. [24] 1–3 months Volunteers - Specific criteriab 6793 76–85 Bicycle Adultsa No
55 Loukaitou-Sideris et al. [44] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 5167 1–7 More than one but not all (pedestrian & cyclist) Adultsa Yes, to police records
56 Madsen et al. [45] 1–3 months Volunteers - Specific criteriab 3845 86 Bicycle Adultsa No
57 Medury et al. [137] More than 5 years Volunteers Not mentioned n/a More than one but not all (pedestrian & cyclist) Adultsa Yes, other
58 O’Connor et al. [46] Not specified Volunteers - Specific criteriab 307 n/a Car Other (average age of 19 years) No
59 Palk et al. [85] Not specified Volunteers - Specific criteriab 717 14 Car Other (16–24 years & > 25 years) No
60 Poulos et al. [129] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 2038 n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
61 Powell et al. [120] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 35,217 88 Car Adultsa No
62 Poulos et al. [47] <= 1 month Volunteers 2038 n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
63 Scott-Parker et al. [48] 3 months-1 year Volunteers - Specific criteriab 378 67 Car Other (17–25 years) No
64 Scott-Parker et al. [114] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 390 n/a Car Other (17–25 years) No
65 Shaw et al. [87] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 136 Other Bicycle Adultsa No
66 Stelling-Konczak et al. [49] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 2250 n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
67 Sumer [86] 3–5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2541 n/a Car Adultsa No
68 Thiese et al. [128] Lifetime Volunteers - Specific criteriab 797 93 Other (truck drivers) Adultsa No
69 Thornley et al. [50] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2469 44 Bicycle Adultsa Yes, other
70 Tin Tin et al. [136] More than 5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2438 43 Bicycle Adultsa Yes, to more than one
71 Vanparijs et al. [98] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 163 15 Bicycle Children and youngsters Yes, to more than one
72 Vingilis et al. [123] 3–5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 501 n/a Car Adultsa No
73 Warner et al. [122] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 200 n/a Car Adultsa No
Questionnaire – Not specified further
74 af Wåhlberg [132] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 157 n/a Bus Adultsa Yes, to company records
75 Chai et al. [93] 1–3 years Volunteers 38 n/a Car Adultsa No
76 Lucidi et al. [110] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 485 n/a Car Elderly No
77 Mallia et al. [141] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 301 1 Bus Adultsa No
78 Nordfjærn et al. [73] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 299 85 Car Adultsa No
79 Nordfjærn et al. [73] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 599 72 Car Adultsa No
80 Nordfjærn et al. [73] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 415 70 Car Adultsa No
81 Qu et al. [89] 1–3 years Volunteers 246 80 Car Adultsa No
82 Richer and Bergeron [112] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 72 (driving simulation), 75 (self-report dangerous driving behaviour) n/a Car Adultsa No
83 Steg and Brussel [74] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 146 37 Motorcycle Other (16–25 years) No
84 Sullman et al. [97] 1–3 years Other - specific criteriab 339 n/a Truck Adultsa No
85 Warner et al. [122] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 200 n/a Car Adultsa No
86 Winters and Branion-Calles [139] 1–3 months Random sample - specific criteriab 1148 n/a Bicycle Adultsa Yes, to insurance records
87 Wundersitz [83] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 396 n/a Car Other (16–24 years) Yes, to police records
Face-to-face Interview
88 Begg and Gulliver [77] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 933 95 Car Other (21 and 26 years) Yes, other
89 Bon de Sousa et al. [92] 1–3 years Other - specific criteriab 612 n/a Car Adultsa No
90 Chen [70] Not specified Random sample 194 41 Car Adultsa No
91 Cunningham et al. [51] 1–3 years Other 18,950 n/a All types Adultsa Yes, to hospital records
92 Finestone et al. [52] 3–5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 43 77 Car Adultsa Yes, to hospital records
93 Haymes et al. [53] 3–5 years Other 95 1 Unclear (motor vehicle collision) Elderly Yes, to police records
94 Magalhães et al. [117] More than 5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1516 1 More than one but not all (all excluding trains, streetcars and the underground) Adultsa No
95 Ngueutsa and Kouabenan [54] Not specified Volunteers 525 95 All types Other (16–76 years) No
96 Zhang et al. [102] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1422 95 Other (farm vehicles) Adultsa No
Telephone interview
97 Armstrong et al. [90] 3–5 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1609 n/a Car Adultsa No
98 Begg et al. [55] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1428 36 Car Other (15–24 years) Yes, to police records
99 Campbell et al. [130] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 215 n/a Car Children and youngsters No
100 Fuller et al. [56] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 847 / 1100 / 1190 (Three times survey n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
101 Hoggarth et al. [135] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 58 n/a Car Elderly Yes, to police records
102 Ivers et al. [57] 3 months-1 year Random sample - specific criteriab 2399 (baseline), 2128 (3 months), 2102 (12 months) 88–89 Motorcycle Adultsa Yes, to police records
103 Johnson [103] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 504 n/a Motorcycle Adultsa Yes, to police records
104 Ross et al. [121] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 350 50 Car Elderly Yes, to police records
105 Mann et al. [142] 1–3 years Random sample 4897 54–63 Car Adultsa No
106 Mann et al. [81] 1–3 years Random sample 2676 54–62 Car Adultsa No
107 Mann et al. [118] 1–3 years Random sample 5298 56–61 Car Adultsa No
108 Mann et al. [119] 1–3 years Random sample 8481 53–61 Car Adultsa No
109 McEvoy et al. [78] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1347 48 Car Adultsa No
110 Stoduto et al. [58] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 7284 n/a Car Adultsa No
111 Valencia-Martin et al. [143] 1–3 years Random sample 12,037 65 More than one but not all (Automobile and motorcycle) Adultsa No
112 Vingilis et al. [126] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 4014 53 Car Adultsa Yes, to police records
113 Wickens et al. [100] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 12,830 n/a All types Adultsa No
114 Wickens et al. [99] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 3428 51 All types Adultsa No
115 Wickens et al. [101] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 11,263 45–57 More than one but not all (car, SUV, truck) Adultsa No
Interview – Not specified further
116 Asbridge et al. [69] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 393 73 Bicycle Other (> 16 years) No
117 Isho et al. [108] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 24 n/a Other (fall risk of elderly) Elderly No
118 Singletary et al. [138] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 1747 87 Car Elderly Yes, to police records
More than one method
119 Anstey et al. [134] 3–5 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 509 100 Car Elderly Yes, to police records
120 Antonopoulos et al. [104] 1–3 months Random sample 978 n/a More than one but not all (motorcycle & car) Adultsa No
121 Boufous et al. [59] Not specified Other 20,822 16 Car Other (17–24 years) Yes, to police records
122 de Rome et al. [105] <= 1 month & previous crash history is not further specified Volunteers - Specific criteriab 202 65 Bicycle Adultsa Yes, to hospital records
123 Hassan and Abdel-Aty [91] Not specified Random sample - specific criteriab 680 26 (paper questionnaire) Car Other (16–24 years) No
124 Haworth and Schramm [60] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2532 n/a More than one but not all (pedestrian & cyclist) Adultsa No
125 Huang et al. [61] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 500 79–83 Car Adultsa No
126 de Rome et al. [140] Not specified Volunteers - Specific criteriab 313 84 Bicycle Adultsa Yes, to hospital records
127 Poulos et al. [111] 1–3 months Volunteers - Specific criteriab 2038 n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
128 Saengsuwan et al. [62] Not specified Random sample - specific criteriab 203 n/a More than one but not all (motorcycle, 2 or 3-wheeled motorbike merchant vehicle, car) Adultsa No
129 Sakashita et al. [63] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1305 55 Motorcycle Adultsa Yes, to police records
130 Scialfa et al. [64] 1–3 years Volunteers - Specific criteriab 56 n/a Car Other (18–25 years) No
131 Sullman et al. [65] Life time Random sample - specific criteriab 294 87 All types Children and youngsters No
132 Washington et al. [66] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 2500 n/a Bicycle Adultsa No
Not clearly stated
133 Langford et al. [67] 1–3 years Random sample - specific criteriab 1222 99 Car Elderly Yes, other
134 Verschuur and Hurts [68] 1–3 years Random sample 743 n/a Car Adultsa Yes, to company records
  1. n/a Not available
  2. aAdults is legal age of obtaining driving license and no upper limit
  3. bSpecific criteria can be people with the certain illness or group of road users (e.g. children, youngsters, novice drivers, elderly)