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Table 2 Summary of modal share changes (in percent) for existing Norwegian workplace relocation studies

From: Location, location, relocation: how the relocation of offices from suburbs to the inner city impacts commuting on foot and by bike

Direction of relocation Year of relocation Δ distance to city centre (km) Name of workplace Type of business City Walk modal share before Δ walk modal share Bicycle modal share before Δ bicycle modal share Public Transport modal share before Δ Public Transport modal share Method of data collection Reference
To city centre 2013 −5.2 Gjensidige β Insurance Oslo 2 3 7 0 35 38 Before - After [6]
To city centre 2000 −3.5 Statens Hus β Public office Trondheim 7 5 11 6 12 26 Before - After [8, 9]
To city centre 1993 −2.5 IDG Norway a Media, data, marketing Oslo 4 3 4 3 25 18 After only [29]
To city centre 2005 −2.0 Municipality of Trondheim β Public office Trondheim 7 5 18 11 15 14 Before - After [7]
To city centre 1976 −1.5 Institute of Transport Economics Research institute Oslo 6 −1 n/a n/a 33 19 Before - After [26]
Net distance to city centre unchanged 2006 0 Centre for Interdisciplinary Environmental and Social Research (CIENS) Research institute Oslo 6 0 24 5 30 9 Before - After [32]
To suburbs 2000 3.5 Oslo University Hospital a Hospital Oslo 14 −4 14 −4 53 −11 Before - After [25]
To suburbs 1991 5.0 Gjensidige a Insurance Oslo 7 0 7 0 59 −18 Before - After [23]
To suburbs 1985 7.6 Fokus Bank Bank Trondheim 13 −9 8 −6 30 −21 Similar bank in the same city block in lieu of before [24]; [28]
To suburbs 1976 11.5 Tanum a Bookstore Oslo 7 −1 7 −1 79 −51 Before - After [26]
To suburbs 1977 15.5 Atlas Copco a Industrial sales Oslo 3 3 3 3 22 −14 Before - After [26]
To suburbs 1998 29.5 Oslo Airport a,b Airport Oslo 1 −1 1 −1 21 24 Before - After [22]
  1. Notes β Post-2000 studies included for detailed comparison with the company relocation case study of Adresseavisen in Trondheim
  2. a Walking and cycling modal shares were presented as a combined value in the original reports, and have been approximated for this table by halving
  3. b Oslo airport relocated to an area with a purpose-built train station, which was not present in the before situation, thus explaining the increased public transport patronage despite decentralisation