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Table 3 Total transportation costs for the VOs for the reference situation vs the VT situation and external costs savings for the society

From: Evaluating the performance of the vessel train concept

Vessel ClassRoute no.Sailing regimeReferenceCLVCFVCFVCFVCFVΔC1 (Eq. 1)ΔC1 *no. FVsΔC2 (Eq.2)ΔCVT (Eq.3)Total cost savings per voyage for the VOΔCVT + ΔEXTVT (Eq. 4) (Euro/TEU)Total cost savings of the VO + ext. cost savings per voyageTotal VT business-economic cost savings of a 10-year period (2018 euro)Total VT business-economic and societal cost savings of a 10-year period (2018 euro)
(Euroa/TEU)Full crew (Euro/TEU)Crew 4Crew 3Crew 2Crew 1
6Route 1B6.706.726.556.376.195.980.722.15−0.022.13744.26123.529111.09454,7377,954,634
Route 2 12.9512.9912.6612.3411.9711.581.374.11−0.044.061422.20245.5717,868.69661,98311,602,248.01
Route 3 14.2114.2513.9013.5313.1412.701.524.55−0.044.511576.95212.1215,860.67700,2479,787,864
5Route 1B8.928.968.668.368.037.671.243.73−0.043.68736.89125.086957.32631,4338,327,958.51
Route 2 17.2617.3316.7616.1815.5514.852.417.23−0.067.171433.78248.6713,868.93845,53511,266,925
Route 3 18.9419.0118.3817.7517.0516.302.647.93−0.077.851570.63215.4712,246.14871,3379,339,563.10
4Route 1B22.8924.82  23.3620.282.617.83−1.945.90294.76127.291264.11386,7962,376,121
Route 2 44.2955.16  45.2239.235.0515.16−10.874.28214.23245.79938.51136,717981,939.92
Route 3 48.5860.51  49.6043.035.5516.64−11.934.72235.81212.33860.58139,106822,834
3Route 1B21.6728.50   20.281.394.17−6.83− 2.66− 79.90118.73− 357.47− 165,555− 781,490.64
Route 2 41.9355.16   39.232.708.09−13.23−5.15−154.43236.36− 705.92− 173,361− 844,684
Route 3 45.9960.51   43.032.968.87−14.52−5.64− 169.27201.97− 643.03− 174,098− 712,421.06
Route 1A221.6722.42   1.8619.805.59−0.764.83144.96126.23648.54187,7851,305,235
Route 2 41.9343.40   3.6138.3210.83−1.479.36280.76250.861283.36202,4491,422,911.76
Route 3 45.9947.60   3.9642.0311.87−1.6110.26307.92217.881169.70203,9281,183,156
2Route 1B30.3240.57   2.0828.236.25− 10.25− 4.00− 80.01117.39− 278.62− 143,132− 514,089.96
Route 2 58.6878.53   4.0354.6512.10−19.85−7.76− 155.17233.75− 551.12− 146,728− 540,382
Route 3 64.3686.14   4.4259.9413.26−21.78−8.52− 170.33199.10− 510.97− 147,159− 464,346.40
Route 1A230.3231.47   2.7927.538.37−1.157.22144.43128.62502.98146,180815,857
Route 2 58.6860.89   5.4053.2816.20−2.2113.99279.81255.49993.81152,459862,317.813
Route 3 64.3666.79   5.9358.4417.78−2.4315.35306.97222.96920.89153,124724,766
1Route 1B34.8355.34   4.1730.6712.51−20.51−8.00− 80.01113.39− 252.87− 146,869− 485,866.089
Route 2 67.42107.12   8.0759.3424.22−39.71−15.49− 154.85226.02− 498.79− 148,536− 501,476
Route 3 73.94117.50   8.8465.1026.53−43.56−17.03− 170.33190.58− 466.84− 149,019− 434,424.99
Route 1A234.8337.12   5.5929.2416.77−2.2814.49144.85135.88457.83153,490767,257
Route 2 67.4271.84   10.8156.6032.43−4.4228.01280.12269.52902.30156,339794,800.65
Route 3 73.9478.80   11.8562.0935.56−4.8530.71307.07238.32841.64156,545671,087
  1. Source: Authors’ composition
  2. aAll the monetary values are indexed values for 2018. The Product Price Index (PPI) was used to convert past values of 2015 into present values of 2018 for the financial economic values and to convert past values of 2008, 2010 and 2011 into present values of 2018 for the external cost values, based on OECD data [13].
  3. The symbol * shows the multplication of the ΔC1 by the number of the FVs