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Table 3 Literature classification based on problem characteristics

From: The traffic signal control problem for intersections: a review

Reference

Network

Type of road users

Priority

Real-time strategies

Objectives

Constraints

Lane

Network type

Cycle length

Green phase duration

Phase sequence

Dunne and Potts [14]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

F

Gazis [16]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC

No

Fixed

D

N

M, X

F

Ross et al. [18]

3

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M, X

F

D’ans and Gazis [20]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC

No

Actuated

D

F

M, X

F

Michalopoulos [22]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M, X

F

Michalopoulos [24]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC

No

Actuated

D

F

M, X

F

Smith [26]

1

I (3-leg)

PC

No

Fixed

TH

F

N

F

Improta and Cantarella [28]

3

I (6-leg)

PC, P

No

Actuated

D/TH/CL

N

M

F

Gallivan and Heydecker [7]

2

I (3-leg)

PC

No

Actuated

D/TH

X

M

S

Gartner et al. [31]

1

A (1 × N)

PC

No

Actuated

D/B

M, X

N

S

Dell’Olmo and Mirchandani [33]

1

A (1 × 3)

PC

No

Adaptive

D, B

F

N

N

Wong [35]

2

G (15 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TS

M, X

M

F

Sen and Head [37]

1

I

PC

No

Adaptive

D, TS, XQL

N

M

S

Silcock [39]

4

I (3-leg)

PC, P, M, LGVs, HGVs

No

Actuated

D, TH

M, X

M, X

S

Spall and Chin [10]

1

G (3 × 3)

PC

No

Actuated

D/QL

N

N

F

De Schutter and De Moor [42]

1

I

PC

No

Adaptive

D/QL

N

M, X

N

Lo [43]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC

No

Actuated

D

F

M, X

F

Wong and Yang [45]

1

G (3 × 3)

PC, P

No

Actuated

D, TT

N

M

F

Lee and Kwang [47]

4

G (7/9/13 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

N

S

Trabia et al. [49]

3

I

PC

No

Actuated

D, TS

N

M, X

F

Niittymaki and Pursula [51]

2

I

PC, P

No

Actuated

D, TS

N

M

S

Chang and Lin [53]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

F

Mirchandani and Head [6]

A (1 × 9)

PC

No

Adaptive

D

N

N

F

Roozemond [56]

PC

No

Adaptive

General loss

N

N

N

Lo et al. [58]

2

A (1 × 2)

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

F

Wong et al. [60]

3

G (13 TL)

PC, P

No

Actuated

D, TS

M, X

M

F

De Schutter [62]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

D, QL, XQL

N

M, X

S

Dion and Hellinga [64]

3

I

PC, TV

Yes

Actuated

D, TT, TS

N

M, X

F

Abdulhai et al. [66]

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

Choy et al. [68]

G (25 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TST

N

N

F

Wong and Wong [70]

N

I

PC, P

No

Actuated

TH, CL

M, X

M

N

Lin and Wang [13]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC, EV

Yes

Actuated

D, TS

F / N

M, X

N

Chang and Sun [72]

N

G (25 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TS

M, X

M, X

F

Di Febbraro et al. [74]

1

G (3 × 2)

PC, TV, EV

Yes

Actuated

TT

M, X

M, X

F

Murat and Gedizlioglu [76]

2

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

S

Bazzan [78]

2

A (1 × 10)

PC

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M

F

Srinivasan et al. [15]

G (25 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TST

N

N

N

Boillot et al. [17]

2

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

N

F

Yu and Recker [19]

2

I, G (5 TL)

PC

No

Adaptive

D, XQL

N

M, X

F

Stevanovic et al. [21]

G (12 TL), A

PC, TV, P

Yes

Actuated

D/PD/TH/TT/TS

M, X

M, X

S

Villalobos et al. [23]

1

I, I (3-leg)

PC

No

Actuated

QL

N

N

F

Yin [25]

2

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M

F

Cai et al. [27]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M

S

Ekeila et al. [29]

I, A (1 × 10)

PC, P, TV

Yes

Adaptive

D

N

N

F

Arel et al. [30]

2

G (5 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, ICB

N

N

S

Haddad et al. [32]

1

I

PC

No

Actuated

General loss

F

N

N

Balaji et al. [34]

G (29 TL)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TH, VS

N

N

F

Prashanth and Bhatnagar [36]

N

A (1 × 2,1 × 8), G (2 × 2,3 × 3)

PC

No

Actuated

D, TH

N

N

S

Liu and Chang [38]

N

A (1 × 4)

PC

No

Actuated

TH/TT

M, X

M

F

Adacher [40]

I

PC (and P)

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M, X

F

He et al. [41]

1

A (1 × 8)

PC, TV, EV

Yes

Actuated

D

N

M, X

S

McKenney and White [9]

2

G (9 × 7)

PC

No

Actuated

VS

F

M

F

Zheng and Recker [44]

G (38 TL)

PC

No

Adaptive

D, TT, XQL, VS

N

M, X

S

Christofa et al. [46]

N

I, I (6-leg)

PC, P, TV, PTV

Yes

Actuated

PD

F

M, X

F

Zhang et al. [48]

2

A (1 × 4)

PC

No

Actuated

D, E

N

M, X

S

Varaiya [50]

1

A (1 × N)

PC

No

Actuated

TH

M

N

S

Li et al. [52]

2

I

PC

No

Actuated

TH, QL

N

N

S

He et al. [54]

1

A (1 × 2)

PC, P, TV

Yes

Actuated

D

N

M, X

F

Jin and Ma [55]

5

I

PC

No

Actuated

D

N

M, X

S

Feng et al. [57]

1

I

PC

No

Adaptive

D, QL

M, X

M, X

S

Le et al. [59]

1–3

A (1 × 2), G (8 × 9)

PC

No

Actuated

TH

F

N

F

Hu et al. [61]

N

A (1 × 2)

PC, TV, PTV

Yes

Actuated

D, PD

F

M

F

Han et al. [63]

1

G (2 × 2)

PC

No

Actuated

D, E

N

N

N

Christofa et al. [65]

1

A (1 × N)

PC, P, TV, PTV

Yes

Adaptive

PD

F

M

F

Choi et al. [67]

N

I

PC

No

Adaptive

D, TH, TT, E, FC, VS

N

N

F

Portilla et al. [69]

3

A (1 × 2)

PC, B

No

Actuated

TT, QL

N

N

F

Chandan et al. [71]

5

I

PC, TV, HGVs

No

Actuated

D, TS

N

M, X

F

Lee et al. [8]

N

I

PC

No

Adaptive

D/TH

M, X

M, X

S

Jin and Ma [73]

5

I

PC

No

Actuated

D, TH

N

M, X

S

Aslani et al. [75]

G (50 TL)

PC, P

No

Actuated

TT, TS, E, FC

N

N

F

Li et al. [77]

2

A (1 × 3)

PC

No

Actuated

D

M, X

M, X

F

Wang et al. [79]

4

I

PC, B

No

Actuated

D, S

M, X

M

S