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Table 2 Vehicle specifications

From: The potential of high-speed rail freight in Europe: how is a modal shift from road to rail possible for low-density high value cargo?

Parameter HSRF trainc Lorry with semi-trailerd
Vehicle design Block train with two locomotives and ten single wagons in between 40 t max gross weight, Euro VI emission class, 4+ axles
Max Load [pallets] 900 34
Max speed [km/h] 350 90
Vehicle costs [1000 EUR] 54,800a 70
Mileage yearly [1000 km/a] 1,008 135
Lifetime [a] 10 6
Personnel costs [EUR/h] 8b 23.81
Maintenance and other costs [EUR/km] 3 0.21
Fuel Electricity Diesel
edmax, 0tc [kWh/km] 38.40 2.12
μtc [kWh/km/kg] 1.24*10−5 4.06*10− 5
λtc [kWh/km/(km/h)] −0.1013 0
  1. aVehicle cost estimation based on ICE 3/Velaro, with comparable technical properties, assuming a cost increase factor of 2 for chassis, power supply, propulsion, on-board control, factor 1.5 for car body, assembly and acceptance, factor 0.6 for vehicle equipment; b Remote-operation 10 trains/person; c NGT CARGO specification book and operational concept, fuel demand calculated from own simulations; d data from BVU et al. [51], vehicle cost data from Lastauto Omnibus-Katalog [53]: average value of six 18-ton semi-trucks plus 20,000 EUR for the trailer, costs inflation-adjusted to 2030 (annual growth 1.5%), the price is based on a 50% write-down and resell value rate, as it can be found in other sources, fuel demand calculated from fuel station bills for long haul driving cycles [54]