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Table 2 Parameters and values used for application

From: Quantifying the phantom jam externality: the case of an Autobahn section in Germany

  A42 A42
  Eastbound Westbound
van Aerde Model   
c 1 0.007521 0.004880
c 2 0.475520 0.092570
c 3 0.000001 0.000163
v 0 114.1 110.0
Weibull-distribution   
60-min intervals, baseline case   
α 13.82 16.55
β 4377 4388
Weibull-distribution   
60-min intervals, rain and darkness   
α 16.07 18.49
β 4162 4331
Travel time cost parameters in Euroa   
Effects involving the congested branch 13.40  
Effects involving the hypercongested branch 15.98  
  1. a Own calculations based on [65, 66]