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Table 3 Mean values (M) and standard deviations (SD) of clustering and complementary variables by mobility styles

From: Mobility styles and car sharing use in Europe: attitudes, behaviours, motives and sustainability

Clustering variablesCurrent users of car sharingNon-users of car sharing
Mobility style 1Mobility style 2Mobility style 3Mobility style 4Mobility style 5
Private car habit M (SD)2.27 (2.25)4.34 (1.59)0.53 (0.96)4.58 (1.82)2.92 (2.08)
Private motorized daily trips M (SD)1.66 (0.92)1.92 (0.85)0.88 (0.46)1.37 (0.61)0.95 (0.53)
By private car (as a driver)2.30 (1.70)3.13 (1.64)0.73 (0.93)3.37 (1.68)2.05 (1.74)
By car sharing2.05 (1.00)2.08 (1.05)1.73 (0.87)
Active daily trips M (SD)3.11 (1.14)2.68 (1.10)3.64 (1.00)2.18 (1.13)2.88 (1.05)
Public transport daily trips M (SD)3.16 (1.38)2.73 (1.41)3.51 (1.32)1.99 (1.38)3.11 (1.46)
Attitudes M (SD)4.93 (1.13)5.56 (0.90)5.99 (0.80)3.70 (1.19)4.92 (1.09)
Environmental concern M (SD)3.59 (1.47)6.17 (0.89)6.36 (0.65)4.16 (1.64)6.41 (0.80)
Personal norms M (SD)3.02 (1.26)5.70 (1.03)5.62 (1.40)3.46 (1.53)5.38 (1.50)
Green political scale M (SD)3.83 (1.37)5.57 (1.08)5.88 (1.00)3.89 (1.50)5.63 (1.10)
Political orientation M (SD)4.64 (1.43)3.53 (1.35)2.95 (1.30)4.48 (1.35)2.99 (1.35)
Complementary variables
 Monthly income up to € 3499 (%)53.762.452.058.066.9
 College or higher educational level (%)76.670.786.460.570.9
 Single household (%)21.112.126.917.021.2
 Car-free household (%)35.42.871.55.821.2
Nationalities (N(%))
 Italy137 (48.9)456 (85.9)222 (32.4)821 (52.2)1051 (51.1)
 Sweden132 (47.1)65 (12.2)357 (52.1)742 (47.1)952 (46.3)
 Other countries11 (1.7)10 (1.9)106 (15.6)11 (0.8)55 (2.6)
  1. Motor based daily trips included measures of frequency of use of a private car as a driver, as a passenger, car sharing, motorcycles/scooters and taxis. For means of comparison, in the two lines below, the mean values (M) and standard deviations (SD) for private car as a driver and car sharing are reported. The statistics reported in nationalities represent the number of respondents per mobility style (N) as well as the percentage that this amount represents within the mobility style (%). Other countries include Germany, Belgium, France, Spain and other European countries