Skip to main content

Table 4 Binary logistic regression for a likelihood of keeping the behavioural changes after the pandemic period

From: The trade-off behaviours between virtual and physical activities during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic period

  Variable ranges Likelihood to keep the new work meetings habits Likelihood to keep the new commuting habits Likelihood to keep the new work habits Likelihood to keep the new shopping habits (groceries) Likelihood to keep the new shopping habits (non-groceries) Likelihood to keep the new free-time habits
Variables ranges   [1, 5] [1, 5] [1, 5] [1, 5] [1, 5] [1, 5]
   B t B t B t B t B t B t
(Constant)   −2.457 −2.79* −1.999 −2.41* −4.575 −4.46* −2.319 −2.79* −5.101 −5.77* −2.985 −3.01*
Being a female 0, 1 −0.326 −1.53 −0.433 − 2.13* −0.343 −1.48 0.467 2.26* 0.085 0.42 0.342 1.44
Being a full-time worker 0, 1 0.291 0.73 −0.215 − 0.61 1.159 2.52* 0.186 0.53 0.406 1.15 −0.520 −1.32
Being a student 0, 1 −0.160 −0.37 − 0.284 −0.72 0.782 1.55 −0.142 −0.36 0.203 0.52 −0.290 −0.68
Have university education 0, 1 0.004 0.02 0.376 1.54 −0.253 −0.94 − 0.405 −1.72** 0.231 0.99 −0.531 −1.98*
Having children within household 0, 1 0.618 2.81* −0.330 −1.57 −0.076 − 0.31 −0.084 − 0.39 0.288 1.40 0.413 1.64**
Having adults within household 0, 1 −0.433 −1.86** 0.279 1.29 −0.001 0.00 −0.065 −0.30 0.275 1.26 −0.131 −0.52
Having elderly within household 0, 1 0.216 0.73 −0.213 −0.76 − 0.002 −0.01 − 0.052 −0.19 0.250 0.92 0.402 1.30
Living in sweden 0, 1 −0.121 −0.30 0.450 1.15 −0.030 −0.06 − 0.868 −2.18* 1.201 2.85* −1.408 −3.15*
Living in italy 0, 1 −0.520 −1.32 0.065 0.18 0.604 1.34 −0.457 −1.23 1.069 2.65* −1.092 −2.62*
Living in india 0, 1 −0.011 −0.02 0.554 1.19 0.491 0.82 0.163 0.33 0.733 1.39 −0.189 − 0.34
Changes in trips for the given activity [−40, + 40] − 0.001 − 0.14 0.001 0.11 0.021 2.16* −0.003 −0.15 0.021 0.89 0.009 1.56
Change in use of internet for work [−32.5, 32.5] 0.012 1.00 0.003 0.29 −0.003 −0.20
Change in use of internet for work meetings [−32.5, 32.5] 0.031 2.20* −0.008 −0.66 0.024 1.61
Change in online shopping (groceries and non-groceries, respectively) [−32.5, 32.5] 1.181 2.89* 0.998 2.93*
Change in use of internet for entertainment [−32.5, 32.5] 0.030 1.57
Change in use of internet for personal calls [−32.5, 32.5] −0.032 −1.52
Likelihood to keep the new work meetings habits [1, 5] 0.854 3.49* 2.879 12.15* −0.486 −1.84** 0.731 3.01* 0.588 2.06*
Likelihood to keep the new commuting habits [1, 5] 0.905 3.66* 0.791 3.15* 1.190 5.25* 0.654 2.98* 0.557 2.09*
Likelihood to keep the new work habits [1, 5] 2.914 12.07* 0.715 2.89* 0.448 1.67** 0.264 1.06 0.903 3.10*
Likelihood to keep the new shopping habits (grocery) [1, 5] −0.462 −1.75** 1.191 5.27* 0.475 1.73** 2.051 9.92* 0.369 1.37
Likelihood to keep the new shopping habits (non- grocery) [1, 5] 0.699 2.88* 0.633 2.86* 0.383 1.50 2.032 9.80* 0.697 2.65*
Likelihood to keep the new free-time habits [1, 5] 0.523 1.84** 0.552 2.15* 0.938 3.23* 0.426 1.63 0.709 2.77*
Likelihood to keep the new sport habits [1, 5] 0.070 0.26 0.105 0.43 0.202 0.71 0.596 2.42* 0.215 0.88 2.800 11.88*
Safety perceived in the workplace 0, 1 0.293 1.24 −0.225 −1.01 −0.427 −1.69**
Safety perceived in stores 0, 1 −0.020 −0.08 0.053 0.22
Safety perceived being outside 0, 1 0.658 2.04*
Safety perceived eating out 0, 1 0.184 0.42
Safety perceived using public transport 0, 1 0.036 0.09 0.091 0.25 0.278 0.69 −0.354 −0.89 −0.053 −0.15 − 0.517 −1.08
Safety perceived using private car 0, 1 0.230 0.65 −0.510 −1.55 0.898 2.09* 0.768 2.17* −0.020 −0.06 0.062 0.15
−2 log likelihood   632.162a   693.947a   549.998a   675.508a   710.066a   532.951a  
Cox & snell r square   0.414   0.260   0.429   0.337   0.330   0.403  
Nagelkerke r square   0.560   0.373   0.598   0.468   0.452   0.577  
Number of samples   781   781   781   781   781   781  
  1. We asked about the likelihood of keeping the new behaviour with multiple choice from 1 (not likely) to 4 very likely) and we grouped the responses into: “likely to keep the habit” (answered 3 or 4) and “not very likely to keep the habit” (answered 1 or 2). A larger t coefficient means a larger likelihood to keep the new habits, compared to their counterparts. One star (*) indicates 95% confidence level, two stars (**) indicates 90% confidence level