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Table 5 Estimation results, binary logit models (standard errors in parentheses)

From: Motives for walking and cycling when commuting – differences in local contexts and attitudes

  Pooled sample Metropolitan
Stockholm
Mid-size
Örebro
Mid-size
Luleå
Small/rural
Gislaved
Small/rural
Arvidsjaur
Constant 0.432 (0.530) −2.028 (0.961)** 2.342 (1.440) 3.582 (1.357)*** 1.657 (1.388) −2.353 (1.688)
Female −0.359 (0.215)* − 0.355 (0.401) −0.780 (0.591) − 0.685 (0.576) −0.112 (0.569) 0.449 (0.613)
Age −0.006 (0.008) − 0.001 (0.013) − 0.007 (0.021) − 0.040 (0.021)* 0.012 (0.021) 0.003 (0.020)
Education 0.172 (0.213) 0.285 (0.402) − 0.209 (0.533) − 0.333 (0.520) − 0.606 (0.613) 0.788 (0.621)
Income −0.107 (0.066) 0.181 (0.114) − 0.324 (0.157)** − 0.045 (0.175) − 0.537 (0.254)** 0.101 (0.280)
Distance −0.185 (0.023)*** −0.138 (0.034)*** −0.244 (0.062)*** −0.301 (0.074)*** −0.210 (0.056)*** −0.183 (0.088)**
Availability WB 0.478 (0.230)** 1.308 (0.442)*** 0.704 (0.773) −0.114 (0.615) −0.533 (0.586) 0.999 (0.597)*
Climate 0.445 (0.214)** 0.171 (0.434) 0.112 (0.522) 0.515 (0.508) 1.045 (0.592)* 0.848 (0.584)
Health 1.210 (0.218)*** 1.550 (0.399)*** 1.597 (0.599)*** 0.997 (0.558)* 0.807 (0.657) 1.322 (0.578)**
Örebro 0.508 (0.299)*      
Luleå 0.344 (0.293)      
Gislaved −0.341 (0.319)      
Arvidsjaur − 0.338 (0.335)      
Log- likelihood − 297.90 −91.98 −48.78 −52.64 −45.11 −41.08
Restr. log-likelihood −399.69 − 122.32 −73.79 −76.49 −62.94 −55.77
McFadden Pseud R-sq 0.255 0.248 0.339 0.344 0.283 0.263
Number of observations 616 196 107 112 116 85
  1. *presents significant at 10% significance level, **significant at 5% significance level, ***significant at 1% significance level