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Table 1 NDRTs identified in the selected studies

From: Takeover performance evaluation using driving simulation: a systematic review and meta-analysis

NDRT Involved stimuli References
Visual Auditory Motor Cognitive
E-mail   () Alrefaie et al. [1], Dogan et al. [9], Zeeb et al. [63]
20 questions task     Alrefaie et al. [1], Lodinger and de Lucia [26]
Adjust cabin temperature     Blommer et al. [2]
Search for a song, radio station or internet search     DeGuzman et al. [7], Yoon and Ji [61], Zeeb et al. [62]
Watch a video    Bourrelly et al. [3], Dogan et al. [9], Feldhütter et al. [15], Lin et al. [24], Shen and Neyens [41], Wan and Wu [53], Wu et al. [59], Yoon and Ji [61], Zeeb et al. [63]
Use mobile phone     Dogan et al. [10], Yoon and Ji [62]
Read   ()   Dogan et al. [7], Feldhütter et al. [15], Lin et al. [24], Vogelpohl et al. [50], Wan and Wu [53], Wandtner et al. [54], Zeeb et al. [63, 64]
Play a game () () Blommer et al. [2], Choi et al. [4], De Winter et al. [6], DinparastDjadid et al. [8], Feldhütter et al. [15], Gold et al. [17], Happee et al. [18], Louw et al. [27, 28], Lu et al. [29], Payre et al. [32], Rauffet et al. [37], Vogelpohl et al. [50], Wan and Wu [53], Wu et al. [58, 59]
N-back task     Choi et al. [4], Gold et al. [17], Happee et al. [18], Louw et al. [28], Wu et al. [58]
Office work   () Naujoks et al. [31], Vogelpohl et al. [48]
Typing or texting     Gold et al. [17], Wan and Wu [53], Zeeb et al. [62]
Take a nap Wan and Wu [53]
Repeat sentences     Wandtner et al. [54]
Transcribe sentences     Wandtner et al. [54, 55], Zeeb et al. [62, 64]
  1. Legend: the NDRT involves this type of distraction; () in some experiments, the NDRT may involve this type of distraction