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Table 3 Average percentage* of avoided crashes for injury crashes

From: Estimated crash avoidance with the hypothetical introduction of automated vehicles: a simulation based on experts’ assessment from French in-depth data

Replacement level Confidence interval LV alone
(1) (%)
Two ARUs including one LV
(2) (%)
Total of avoided crashes
(1 + 2) (%)
10% AV U mean 1.2 3.6 4.8
F mean 5.2 6.3
50% AV U mean 5.9 17.5 23.4
F mean 24.8 30.7
100% AV U mean 11.8 33.7 45.5
F mean 47.1 58.9
  1. The uncovered types of configuration represent 22.9% of the injury crashes, and the uncovered pictograms or failure in LV localization account for 7.4% of the unfavourable cases and 7% of the favourable cases
  2. AV, autonomous vehicle; LV, light vehicle; ARU, active road user; UF, Unfavourable; F = Favourable
  3. *% on 100% injury crashes