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Table 4 Average percentage* of avoided crashes for fatal crashes

From: Estimated crash avoidance with the hypothetical introduction of automated vehicles: a simulation based on experts’ assessment from French in-depth data

Replacement level Confidence interval LV alone
(1) (%)
Two ARUs including one LV
(2) (%)
Total of avoided crashes
(1 + 2) (%)
10% AV U mean 2.7 3.2 5.9
F mean 3.9 6.6
50% AV U mean 13.6 15.2 28.8
F mean 18.8 32.4
100% AV U mean 27.1 28.9 56.0
F mean 35.6 62.8
  1. The uncovered crash configuration types represent 25.5% of the fatal crashes, and the uncovered pictograms or failure in LV localization account for 1.4%
  2. AV, autonomous vehicle; LV, light vehicle; ARU, active road user; UF, Unfavourable; F, Favourable
  3. *% on 100% fatal crashes