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Table 3 Well-to-tank energy and emissions factors

From: Fuel cell drive for urban freight transport in comparison to diesel and battery electric drives: a case study of the food retailing industry in Berlin

Energy carrier Well-to-tank
Energy factor Emissions factor
[kWh/kWhEnergyCarrier] [kg CO2eq/kWhlEnergyCarrier]
Diesel 1.25 0.318
Electricity (current) 2.45 0.522
Electricity (future) 1.30 0.057
Gaseous Hydrogen (current) 1.64 0.258
Gaseous Hydrogen sensitivity (current electricity, \(\eta = 85\%)\) 2.88 0.61
Gaseous Hydrogen (future) 2.42 0.103