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Table 1 Descriptive statistics

From: Extending the theory of planned behavior to predict and nudge toward the subscription to a public transport ticket

Complete sample DSN D SN Control Total
N 87 113 92 81 373
Age in years 33.93 (9.90) 35.05 (9.90) 33.01 (10.07) 35.90 (10.57) 34.47 (10.10)
Female 60.70% 63.60% 48.30% 58.40% 58.10%
Education: University degree 70.20% 74.50% 77.0% 63.60% 71.80%
Economic status of household. Scale 1–5 (very low-very high) 3.32 (1.20) 3.08 (1.13) 2.95 (1.21) 3.34 (1.05) 3.16 (1.15)
Car availability: anytime 47.60% 60.00% 56.50% 68.80% 58.10%
Residing within the city (vs. outside the city) 79.76% 87.27% 88.51% 80.52% 84.36%
Satisfaction with public transport connection at home. Scale 1–6 (very low-very high) 4.68 (1.15) 4.64 (1.16) 4.90 (.89) 4.66 (1.22) 4.72 (1.11)
Attitude toward using public transport. Scale 1–4 (neg-pos) 2.80 (.93) 2.74 (1.0) 2.76 (.95) 2.97 (.97) 2.81 (.98)
Subsample DSN D SN Control Total
N 48 66 52 46 212
Age in years 38.98 (9.68) 39.03 (9.28) 36.10 (10.00) 37.67 (9.72) 38.01 (9.64)
Female 56.30% 54.50% 42.30% 54.30% 51.90%
Education: University degree 68.90% 74.60% 77.60% 61.90% 71.40%
Economic status of household. Scale 1–5 (very low-very high) 3.68 (.94) 3.41 (1.02) 3.41 (1.00) 3.38 (1.05) 3.46 (1.01)
Car availability: anytime 57.80% 71.40% 71.20% 71.40% 68.30%
Residing within the city (vs. outside the city) 73.33% 85.71% 83.67% 78.57% 80.90%
Satisfaction with public transport connection at home. Scale 1–6 (very low-very high) 4.60 (1.18) 4.56 (1.13) 4.96 (.89) 4.38 (1.34) 4.63 (1.14)
Attitude toward using public transport. Scale 1–4 (neg-pos) 2.53 (.99) 2.35 (.94) 2.46 (.98) 2.55 (.99) 2.46 (.97)
  1. N = 373 and subsample N = 212. Mean (SD)
  2. Economic household status was calculated as suggested in Mobilität in Deutschland [34] to reduce bias for families with young children