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Table 1 Categorisation of novel rural mobility solutions based on service flexibility variables

From: In search of sustainable and inclusive mobility solutions for rural areas

  Route Stops Scheduling Booking Ride-sharing Vehicle type Example cases from RESPONSE and SMARTA projects
Conventional public transport Fixed Fixed, can be skipped Fixed Not required Shared Bus, minibus  
Designated tourist buses Fixed Fixed Fixed Required Shared Bus  
Semi-flexible DRT Fixed, semi-flexible* Semi-flexible** Fixed, flexible*** Required Shared Bus, minibus, car Flextrafik (Denmark)
TFI Local Link (Ireland)
Elba island MaaS (Italy)
Kylakyyti (Finnland)
Tornio (Finland)
Anropsstyrd trafik (Sweden)
Bus Alpin (Switzerland)
Connect2Wiltshire (UK)
Flexible door-to-door DRT Flexible Flexible Flexible Required Shared, private Minibus, car GO-MOBIL (Austria)
Flextrafik (Denmark)
TFI Local Link (Ireland)
Elba island MaaS (Italy)
Bummelbus (Luxemburg)
Bravoflex (Netherlands)
HentMegSauda (Norway)
Connect2Wiltshire (UK)
Car-sharing Flexible Semi-flexible**** Flexible Required Private Car Talbont Energy (Wales)
Ride-sharing Semi-flexible Semi-flexible**** Semi-flexible Required Shared Car REZOPOUCE (France)
  1. *A route with pre-defined stops that may be skipped and served in a flexible order depending on current demand
  2. **Stops may be predefined along a route or in an area and may be skipped and served in a flexible order depending on current demand
  3. ***Services that operate both fixed and demand-based schedules depending on the time of day or week
  4. ****Depending on pick-up and drop-off locations