Skip to main content

Table 4 Descriptive statistic of all dependent variables on European and country level

From: EU DRUID project: results of a questionnaire survey amongst participants of driver rehabilitation programmes in Europe

Variable European and country means ± sd ANOVA
Europe total Austria (A) Belgium (B) France (F) Germany (D) Great Britain (GB) Hungary (H) Italy (I) Nether-lands (NL) Poland (PL) F p Value
Overall course evaluation 1.52 ± 0.56 1.45 ± 0.55 1.55 ± 0.56 1.47 ± 0.51 1.62 ± 0.56 1.26 ± 0.45 1.64 ± 0.60 1.74 ± 0.58 1.76 ± 0.53 1.44 ± 0.52 64.26 p < .001***
Transtheoretical model—processes
 Consciousness raising 1.65 ± 0.59 1.67 ± 0.60 1.69 ± 0.60 1.73 ± 0.63 1.65 ± 0.63 1.67 ± 0.60 1.86 ± 0.48 1.79 ± 0.40 1.67 ± 0.62 1.56 ± 0.38 33.58 p < .001***
 Dramatic relief 1.89 ± 0.85 1.85 ± 0.88 2.04 ± 0.86 1.99 ± 0.92 1.78 ± 0.84 1.85 ± 0.88 2.00 ± 0.54 1.74 ± 0.52 2.29 ± 1.04 2.07 ± 0.53 24.83 p < .001***
 Environmental re-evaluation 1.92 ± 0.97 1.97 ± 1.03 2.21 ± 1.05 1.78 ± 0.97 1.93 ± 1.00 1.43 ± 0.47 1.98 ± 0.68 1.90 ± 0.60, 2.11 ± 1.11 1.58 ± 0.62 11.92 p < .001***
 Self re-evaluation 1.69 ± 0.79, 1.74 ± 0.87 1.66 ± 0.84 1.76 ± 0.82 1.69 ± 0.81 1.87 ± 0.86 1.72 ± 0.63 1.79 ± 0.56 1.73 ± 0.92 1.49 ± 0.55 9.67 p < .001***
 Social liberation 1.42 ± 0.64, 1.37 ± 0.65 1.44 ± 0.65 1.50 ± 0.71 1.42 ± 0.67 1.80 ± 0.95 1.45 ± 0.51 1.62 ± 0.50 1.49 ± 0.75 1.47 ± 0.51 7.34 p < .001***
Cognitive–affective process scales (in sum) 1.69 ± 0.49 1.70 ± 0.50, 1.77 ± 0.48 1.74 ± 0.49 1.68 ± 0.51 1.54 ± 0.42 1.82 ± 0.44 1.77 ± 0.39 1.80 ± 0.50 1.62 ± 0.36 23.88 p < .001***
 Self-liberation 1.39 ± 0.56 1.39 ± 0.57 1.42 ± 0.53 1.44 ± 0.55 1.43 ± 0.59 1.51 ± 0.66 1.45 ± 0.56 1.58 ± 0.54 1.39 ± 0.62 1.27 ± 0.43 19.32 p < .001***
 Stimulus control 1.53 ± 0.76 1.56 ± 0.81 1.71 ± 0.80 1.61 ± 0.81 1.56 ± 0.81 1.34 ± 0.58 1.46 ± 0.60 1.67 ± 0.56 1.54 ± 0.81 1.33 ± 0.48 11.17 p < .001***
 Counter conditioning 1.48 ± 0.65 1.49 ± 0.67 1.51 ± 0.65 1.57 ± 0.70 1.54 ± 0.69 1.22 ± 0.42 1.54 ± 0.57 1.63 ± 0.60 1.44 ± 0.69 1.36 ± 0.44 19.97 p < .001***
 Helping relationships 1.51  ± 0.68 1.50 ± 0.73 1.55 ± 0.74 1.54 ± 0.71 1.49 ± 0.71 1.37 ± 0.62 1.65 ± 0.56 1.82 ± 0.47 1.56 ± 0.76 1.43 ± 0.48 11.37 p < .001***
 Reinforcement management 1.69 ± 0.87 1.67 ± 0.92 2.00 ± 0.85 1.76 ± 0.86 1.68 ± 0.92 1.27 ± 0.50 1.65 ± 0.53 1.64 ± 0.51 1.98 ± 1.11 1.44 ± 0.56 13.49 p < .001***
Behavioral process scales (in sum) 1.50 ± 0.50 1.50 ± 0.52 1.60 ± 0.49 1.56 ± 0.48 1.52 ± 0.52 1.34 ± 0.40 1.55 ± 0.48 1.66 ± 0.44 1.55 ± 0.57 1.36 ± 0.38, 19.72 p < .001***
Diamond of change—contributing factors
 Individual 1.63 ± 0.51 1.65 ± 0.53 1.76 ± 0.54 1.69 ± 0.51 1.63 ± 0.54 1.46 ± 0.41 1.74 ± 0.47 1.76 ± 0.41 1.71 ± 0.55 1.49 ± 0.39 25.21 p < .001***
 Methods 1.67 ± 0.77, 1.69 ± 0.81 1.72 ± 0.80 1.66 ± 0.74 1.75 ± 0.81 1.38 ± 0.56 1.82 ± 0.69 1.75 ± 0.58 1.71 ± 0.87 1.45 ± 0.49 27.06 p < .001***
 Contents 1.57 ± 0.59 1.58 ± 0.6 1.63 ± 0.59 1.64 ± 0.62 1.56 ± 0.62 1.47 ± 0.54 1.59 ± 0.46 1.57 ± 0.46 1.70 ± 0.65 1.54 ± 0.38 8.15 p < .001***
 Participant–participant relations 1.67 ± 0.70, 1.66 ± 0.7 1.58 ± 0.66 1.73 ± 0.69 1.65 ± 0.72 1.56 ± 0.60 1.77 ± 0.53 1.82 ± 0.47 1.72 ± 0.81 1.77 ± 0.53 7.57 p < .001***
 Participant–trainer relations 1.33 ± 0.52 1.29 ± 0.52 1.38 ± 0.52 1.32 ± 0.52 1.36 ± 0.57 1.21 ± 0.43 1.45 ± 0.50 1.63 ± 0.53 1.35 ± 0.52 1.31 ± 0.41 18.26 p < .001***
  1. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001