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Table 1 Slalom indices: comparison between motorcycle and simulator

From: Objective and subjective evaluation of an advanced motorcycle riding simulator

Cones Slalom
7 m 14 m 21 m
Aprilia Mana 850 UNIPD SIMULATOR Aprilia Mana 850 UNIPD SIMULATOR UNIPD SIMULATOR Aprilia Mana 850 UNIPD SIMULATOR
Frequency [Hz] 0.3463 0.3393 0.4474 0.3557 0.3604 0.4548 0.3581
Av. speed [m/s] 4.8483 4.7505 12.5261 9.9588 10.0917 19.1029 15.0382
  magn phase magn phase magn phase magn phase magn phase magn phase magn phase
Gx [°/s] 0.462 3.356 0.430 0.236 1.243 2.254 0.587 3.499 0.569 2.997 1.188 0.328 0.753 6.094
Gz [°/s] 0.522 5.145 0.466 2.399 0.473 4.242 0.271 5.386 0.288 4.911 0.310 2.446 0.255 1.638
Steer Torque [Nm] 12.946 2.192 16.660 3.061 27.836 5.502 19.701 0.165 18.344 5.909 45.300 3.425 29.384 2.796
Steer angle [°] 0.167 5.026 0.138 2.448 0.053 4.050 0.043 5.456 0.051 4.962 0.041 2.537 0.029 1.794
Gx/τ 0.0357 0.0258 0.0446 0.0298 0.0310 0.0262 0.0256
Gx/Gz 0.8849 0.9239 2.6274 2.1682 1.9784 3.8280 2.9487
φ1–φ2 −1.1647 −2.8252 −3.2484 −3.3336 −2.9124 −3.0974 −3.2986