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Table 5 Inequality indicators of observed population distributions in 1971 and 2011, and in 2006 and 2030 according to the LUISA’s Compact and BAU scenarios

From: Accessibility and territorial cohesion in a case of transport infrastructure improvements with changing population distributions

Population distribution Population 1971 (r) Population 2011 Population 2006 Compact scenario (III) BAU scenario (IV)
    % dif (I and II)   % dif   % dif
Variation coeff. 6.695 6.482 −3.17 6.355 8.334 31.13 9.462 48.89
Gini index 0.778 0.783 0.54 0.782 0.858 9.72 0.883 12.83
Atkinson (0.5) 0.536 0.541 0.89 0.541 0.668 23.51 0.711 31.59
Theil (0) 1.775 1.743 −1.81 1.733 2.354 35.83 2.658 53.35
  1. Note: case numbers (I to IV) are given between parentheses. Case r serves as a reference for the relative differences in the historical trends; case I serves as a reference for the relative differences in the modelling results