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Table 3 MNL1, demand-side model: parameter estimates, fit statistics and validation

From: Sustainable urban freight transport adopting public transport-based crowdshipping for B2C deliveries

  MNL
Coeff. (β) Stand. Error T-test P-value
Attributes
 Age 0.0905 0.0118 7.65 0.00
 Shipping fees* [a]
  Lower 0.6750 0.0998 6.76 0.00
 Shipping time** [a]
  Lower 0.5870 0.0882 6.65 0.00
 Parcel tracking***
  Present 0.6980 0.0946 7.38 0.00
 Delivery date and Time schedule flexibility ****
  Yes 0.7860 0.0886 8.87 0.00
 “no choice” [ASC] −5.2300 0.5880 −8.90 0.00
Model Fit Statistics
 N. of observations (individuals) 618 (206)
 Null log-likelihood − 678.942
 Final log-likelihood − 469.842
 Likelihood ratio test 418.201
 Rho-square 0.308
 Adjusted rho-square 0.299
Simulation test
 Sample reconstitution 59.9%
  1. *base level: “Typical”; **base level: “Typical”; ***base level: “Not available”; ****base level: “No”
  2. [a] with respect to current national shipping companies