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Table 3 Modellers’ assumptions to address model differences

From: Modelling the impacts of EU countries’ electric car deployment plans on atmospheric emissions and concentrations

PRIMES – DIONE differences Assumptions
No < 0.8 l car category in PRIMES. The stock in DIONE is zero.
Mild hybrids are reported under the conventional car categories in PRIMESa. The stock in DIONE is zero.
REEVs are reported under the overall PHEV category in PRIMESb. The stock in DIONE is zero.
No small gasoline HEVs in DIONE. The respective values for the medium-sized gasoline cars from PRIMES were utilised.
Only medium-sized flexible fuel vehicles, diesel HEVs, PHEVs, BEVs and FCEVs in DIONE. The respective values for the medium-sized car technologies from PRIMES were utilised.
PRIMES runs on 5-year time steps (2010, …, 2050). Linear interpolation for intermediate years, performed in DIONE.
  1. aMild hybridisation is a technology option concerning the energy efficiency potential of conventional internal combustion engine technologies. It is included in the PRIMES-TREMOVE model, but not as a separate vehicle category
  2. bREEVs are also implicitly included in PRIMES-TREMOVE as specific categories of the PHEVs (i.e. with higher electric ranges)