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Table 4 Solution methods for ITSCPs

From: The traffic signal control problem for intersections: a review

Reference Solution method Reference Solution method
Dunne and Potts [14] Rule-based Srinivasan et al. [15] Simulation, Fuzzy NN, RL
Gazis [16] Semi-graphical Boillot et al. [17] Heuristic
Ross et al. [18] Simulation, Rule-based Yu and Recker [19] Simulation, Markov control
D’ans and Gazis [20] Mathematical programming Stevanovic et al. [21] Simulation, GA
Michalopoulos [22] Rule-based Villalobos et al. [23] Simulation, Game theory
Michalopoulos [24] Rule-based Yin [25] Simulation, Heuristic
Smith [26] Webster’s method Cai et al. [27] RL
Improta and Cantarella [28] B&B Ekeila et al. [29] Simulation, Rule-based
Gallivan and Heydecker [7] Convex programming Arel et al. [30] Q-learning
Gartner et al. [31] Simulation, B&B Haddad et al. [32] Mathematical programming
Dell’Olmo and Mirchandani [33] Simulation, Rule-based Balaji et al. [34] Simulation, MAS, RL
Wong [35] Simulation Prashanth and Bhatnagar [36] Simulation, Q-learning
Sen and Head [37] Simulation, DP Liu and Chang [38] Simulation, GA
Silcock [39] Simulation Adacher [40] Heuristic
Spall and Chin [10] NN He et al. [41] Simulation
De Schutter and De Moor [42] Mathematical programming McKenney and White [9] Simulation, MAS
Lo [43] Mathematical programming Zheng and Recker [44] Recursive algorithm
Wong and Yang [45] Simulation, Heuristic Christofa et al. [46] Simulation
Lee and Kwang [47] Simulation,
Fuzzy rule-based
Zhang et al. [48] Simulation, GA
Trabia et al. [49] Simulation,
Fuzzy rule-based
Varaiya [50] Heuristic
Niittymaki and Pursula [51] Simulation,
Fuzzy rule-based
Li et al. [52] Simulation, GA
Chang and Lin [53] Heuristic He et al. [54] Simulation
Mirchandani and Head [6] Simulation, DP Jin and Ma [55] Simulation, RL
Roozemond [56] MAS Feng et al. [57] Simulation,
Recursive algorithm
Lo et al. [58] Simulation, GA Le et al. [59] Simulation, Heuristic
Wong et al. [60] Simulation, Heuristic Hu et al. [61] Simulation
De Schutter [62] Mathematical programming Han et al. [63] Mathematical programming
Dion and Hellinga [64] Simulation, Rule-based Christofa et al. [65] Simulation
Abdulhai et al. [66] Q-learning Choi et al. [67] Simulation, Heuristic
Choy et al. [68] Simulation, RL Portilla et al. [69] Model predictive control
Wong and Wong [70] B&B Chandan et al. [71] Simulation, Rule-based
Lin and Wang [13] Mathematical programming Lee et al. [8] Simulation, Heuristic
Chang and Sun [72] Simulation, Heuristic Jin and Ma [73] Simulation, MAS, RL
Di Febbraro et al. [74] HPN Aslani et al. [75] Simulation, RL
Murat and Gedizlioglu [76] Fuzzy rule-based Li et al. [77] Heuristic
Bazzan [78] Simulation, RL Wang et al. [79] GA