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# Table 4 Solution methods for ITSCPs

From: The traffic signal control problem for intersections: a review

Reference | Solution method | Reference | Solution method |
---|---|---|---|

Dunne and Potts [14] | Rule-based | Srinivasan et al. [15] | Simulation, Fuzzy NN, RL |

Gazis [16] | Semi-graphical | Boillot et al. [17] | Heuristic |

Ross et al. [18] | Simulation, Rule-based | Yu and Recker [19] | Simulation, Markov control |

D’ans and Gazis [20] | Mathematical programming | Stevanovic et al. [21] | Simulation, GA |

Michalopoulos [22] | Rule-based | Villalobos et al. [23] | Simulation, Game theory |

Michalopoulos [24] | Rule-based | Yin [25] | Simulation, Heuristic |

Smith [26] | Webster’s method | Cai et al. [27] | RL |

Improta and Cantarella [28] | B&B | Ekeila et al. [29] | Simulation, Rule-based |

Gallivan and Heydecker [7] | Convex programming | Arel et al. [30] | Q-learning |

Gartner et al. [31] | Simulation, B&B | Haddad et al. [32] | Mathematical programming |

Dell’Olmo and Mirchandani [33] | Simulation, Rule-based | Balaji et al. [34] | Simulation, MAS, RL |

Wong [35] | Simulation | Prashanth and Bhatnagar [36] | Simulation, Q-learning |

Sen and Head [37] | Simulation, DP | Liu and Chang [38] | Simulation, GA |

Silcock [39] | Simulation | Adacher [40] | Heuristic |

Spall and Chin [10] | NN | He et al. [41] | Simulation |

De Schutter and De Moor [42] | Mathematical programming | McKenney and White [9] | Simulation, MAS |

Lo [43] | Mathematical programming | Zheng and Recker [44] | Recursive algorithm |

Wong and Yang [45] | Simulation, Heuristic | Christofa et al. [46] | Simulation |

Lee and Kwang [47] |
Simulation, Fuzzy rule-based | Zhang et al. [48] | Simulation, GA |

Trabia et al. [49] |
Simulation, Fuzzy rule-based | Varaiya [50] | Heuristic |

Niittymaki and Pursula [51] |
Simulation, Fuzzy rule-based | Li et al. [52] | Simulation, GA |

Chang and Lin [53] | Heuristic | He et al. [54] | Simulation |

Mirchandani and Head [6] | Simulation, DP | Jin and Ma [55] | Simulation, RL |

Roozemond [56] | MAS | Feng et al. [57] |
Simulation, Recursive algorithm |

Lo et al. [58] | Simulation, GA | Le et al. [59] | Simulation, Heuristic |

Wong et al. [60] | Simulation, Heuristic | Hu et al. [61] | Simulation |

De Schutter [62] | Mathematical programming | Han et al. [63] | Mathematical programming |

Dion and Hellinga [64] | Simulation, Rule-based | Christofa et al. [65] | Simulation |

Abdulhai et al. [66] | Q-learning | Choi et al. [67] | Simulation, Heuristic |

Choy et al. [68] | Simulation, RL | Portilla et al. [69] | Model predictive control |

Wong and Wong [70] | B&B | Chandan et al. [71] | Simulation, Rule-based |

Lin and Wang [13] | Mathematical programming | Lee et al. [8] | Simulation, Heuristic |

Chang and Sun [72] | Simulation, Heuristic | Jin and Ma [73] | Simulation, MAS, RL |

Di Febbraro et al. [74] | HPN | Aslani et al. [75] | Simulation, RL |

Murat and Gedizlioglu [76] | Fuzzy rule-based | Li et al. [77] | Heuristic |

Bazzan [78] | Simulation, RL | Wang et al. [79] | GA |