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Table 5 Factors that influence people’s needs to visit destinations involving trips across or along a barrier

From: Disentangling barrier effects of transport infrastructure: synthesising research for the practice of impact assessment

Factors Description
Age Averages of daily trips, e.g. to playgrounds, bus stops, services for different age groups, can be derived from travel surveys [48]
Socio-economic Income, employment, role in the household, lifestyle orientation and preferences [83] leading to restrictions in choice of residential location, workplace, education, shopping [8, 67]
Social connectedness within the neighbourhood The more a person is dependent on local social contacts, the stronger the need to cross a barrier if these local contacts are located on the other side [130]. In contrast, more mobile social groups are described as less sensitive to barrier effects [130]